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Tuesday, 16 April 2024 00:00

Causes of Swelling in the Feet

Swollen feet, or edema, can arise from various factors, including prolonged immobility, excessive salt intake, pregnancy, obesity, and certain medications. Underlying health conditions, such as  congestive heart failure, kidney failure, and venous insufficiency can also contribute to edema in the feet. Prolonged sitting or standing can impede proper circulation, leading to fluid retention in the lower extremities. High salt consumption can add to this by causing the body to retain water. Pregnancy puts additional pressure on the veins in the legs, leading to fluid accumulation. Excess body weight can strain the circulatory system, also increasing the risk of edema. Swollen feet can be a side effect of taking certain medications, particularly those that dilate blood vessels or increase fluid retention. If you notice that your feet and ankles are persistently swollen, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for a full exam and diagnosis.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact Kent Stahl, DPM of Texas. our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Beaumont, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


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